What To See In Moscow

Image Moscow Kremlin. The Moscow Kremlin signifies the beginning of Moscow. Originally, it was a wooden fortress, a small town with wooden houses, churches monasteries and royal palaces built by the order of the founder of Moscow, Prince Yury Dolgoruky. Today, the Moscow Kremlin is a fascinating and mysterious symbol of two imperial cultures- of Medieval Moscow and of the Soviet Union. It is a unique architectural destination, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Kremlin contains the offical residence of the President of Russia, as well as one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. The Kremlin includes four palaces, four cathedrals and the enclosing Kremlin Wall and Kremlin towers. The Kremlin, at the heart of Moscow, is overlooking the Moskva River, the infamous St. Basil’s Cathedral, and the Red Square. The unique and varied styles of the palaces and buildings of Kremlin are a charming site for visitors.
Red Square. Stretching along one of the Kremlin walls Red Square is the main square of the country and the capital. The Red Square is Russia’s heart. Age long traditions of holidays and celebrations are present here. The square is considered “red” because of its impeccable beauty. The Red square is rich with history. It was meant to serve as Moscow’s main marketplace, but was also used in public ceremonies and coronations for Russian czars. The main sights that a tourist must absolutely visit are Lenin’s Mausoleum, which contains the embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union, as well as the brightly domed Saint Basil’s Cathedral. One can also visit the State historical museum, and get a sense of russian history, and artwork, dating back to prehistoric tribes.
St. Basil's Cathedral. St. Basil's Cathedral is one of Moscow's landmarks and an attractive part of Red Square. This unique and whimsically designed cathedral uniting 10 churches into a whole is often called 'the stone flower in Red Square' and referred to as the symbol of Moscow and Russia. The unique design of the building should be noticed. The building is shaped as a flame of bonfire rising into the sky. The iconic cathedral is painted with explosive and bright colors to enhance the mural and icon effect. The Cathedral was ordered by Ivan the Terrible to mark the 1552 capture of Kazan from Mongol forces. It was completed in 1560. Stalin wanted to demolish St. Basil, because he had plans for massed parades on the Red Square. However, architect Pyotr Baranovksy’s conservation efforts paid off, and the Cathedral has remained standing. It is currently a museum, and tourists can take a route into the central church up the wooden spiral staircase.
Christ the Saviour Cathedral. Christ the Saviour Cathedral is the main Orthodox church of Russia, one of the 5 biggest and most beautiful cathedrals in Europe. It was built as a thanksgiving to God for saving Russia in the Patriotic War of 1812, and in commemoration of the Russian army’s victory over Napoleon. After the Revolution, the prominent site of the cathedral called out for redevelopment by the Soviets, who planned to replace the church with a monument to socialism, known as the Palace of Soviets. With the end of the Soviet rule, the Russian Orthodox Church received permission to rebuild the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (February 1990) A construction fund was initiated in 1992 and funds began to pour in from ordinary citizens in the autumn of 1994. In this year the pool was demolished and the cathedral reconstruction commenced. About one million Muscovites donated money for the project. It is considered the tallest Orthodox church in the world.
The Sparrow Hills. The Sparrow Hills is one of the most popular places for Moscovites and its guests. The observation point at the steep bank of the Moskva River at an altitude of 250 m above sea level gives you a pleasurable view of the city, in panoramic to get an idea of Moscow and its size. The Sparrow Hills is also famous for the Moscow State University, one of the main educational and scientific centers of Russia.The main building of the University is the highest of the ‘7 sisters’ - Stalin’s skyscrapers built by his order. From the observation platform, you can get a panoramic view of the Luzhiniki Stadium, which served as the host for the opening and closing ceremony for the 1980 Summer Olympics. You can also see the Moskva River, and the famous Luzhniki Metro Bridge, which serves both the motor vehicle and the Moscow Metro transport systems. The hills are immortalized by Russian Poets and writers because it is one of the highest points in Moscow, and offers a tremendous view of the city.
Old Arbat Street. Moscovites say that Old Arbat Street is the spirit of the real old Moscow. This is one of the most popular and famous places in Moscow. It's a pedestrian area where you can find a place to sit for a cup of coffee or a glass of beer in one of the numerous cafes or restaurants. Sit back and watch the strolling crowds,or drop into a souvenir or antique shop. If you enjoy listening to live music, pass by the street musicians or attend one of the amazing shows that the Street has to offer. Originally a suburb where traders from the East would arrive with their caravans, in the 18th Century the Arbat became popular with Moscow’s intelligentsia and artistic community, who enjoyed frequenting the many cafes and taking strolls along the area’s mansion-lined boulevards. Pushkin himself lived here with his wife in house number 53 (the building has since been turned into a museum dedicated to the poet) and Tolstoy resided on the adjoining Kaloshin Lane. In fact Count Fyodor was said to have modelled his famous character Anna Karenina on Maria Gartung - Pushkin’s oldest daughter, who also lived nearby.
The Moscow Metro. Fabulous art, underground palaces, frequency and punctuality - you can find all this in the Moscow Metro which is famous for its world-recognized beauty. The Moscow metro was turned into an underground "kingdom of socialism". More than 50 varieties of marble, granite and finishing stones were used in decorating the stations. They became luxurious palaces, breathtaking in the originality of their architecture, sculptures, moldings and mosaics. For over 75 years, the Moscow Metro has been growing and expanding along with its city. The Moscow metro was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union. Currently, it was 182 stations and is the world’s second most heavily used rapid transit system.
State Tretyakov Gallery. The foremost depository of Russian fine art in the world, the State Tretyakov Gallery is a breathtaking and history rich collective of Russian artists. The gallery's history starts in 1856 when the Moscow merchant Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov acquired works by Russian artists of his day with the aim of creating a collection, which might later grow into a museum of national art. In 1892, Tretyakov presented his already famous collection to the Russian nation. The Gallery's collection consists entirely of Russian art and artists who have made а contribution to the history of Russian art or been closely connected with it. The collection contains more than 150 000 works of painting, sculpture and graphics, created throughout the centuries by successive generations of Russian artists
Pushkin Fine Art Museum. Pushkin Fine Art Museum is the largest museum of European art in Moscow located opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. It was founded by professor Ivan Tsvetaev who persuaded the millionaire and philanthropist Yuriy Nechaev Mantsov to donate towards the construction of the fine arts museum. Famous for its collection of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings, the Pushkin Museum opened an annex in August 2006 for 19th- and 20th-century art across the street from its main collection in what was the Museum of Private Collections. Monet, Cézanne, Picasso, Matisse and others now have their own rooms. The main museum holds special exhibitions.
Izmaylovo Market. This is the main souvenir market of Moscow, and here is where you can find all things Russian at all prices. Folk crafts, jewelry, antiques, chess sets, and anything else “Russian” will tempt you in any variety and color. Getting there is easy, too—just look on any metro map and find the Izmaylovsky stop. Once you exit the subway, any passer-by can point you in the direction of the souvenir market.
Moscow by night. Moscow by night is the extremely popular tour. The city with the same name and history looks absolutely different at night. This very festive, bright and colorful city that never sleeps can strike you with its beauty and make a deep impression upon its visitors. Explore the history rich city during the day, and come play at night. Take a look at how the city lights up Moscow’s most famous landmarks at night. And after an educational day of touring and learning Moscow’s history, relax and eat at a nearby restaurant or drink as the Russians do at a nearby bar. Go dancing at a club, and party the night away.

What To See Around Moscow

Image Kolomenskoye. Kolomenskoye was the summer residence of Moscow Grand Princes and Russian tsars. This unique architectural ensemble was created in this village in 16-17 cc. in order to express the splendor and magnificence of the Russian monarchy; it is culturally and historically invaluable. It was a home for Peter the Great during his early years. It was the scene of festivities marking the coronations of Catherine I, Peter II and Empresses Anna and Elizabeth. It is situated several kilometers to the south east of the city centre of Moscow, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Tsaritsyno. Tsaritsyno is one more Tsars' summer residence. Once at the end of 18 c. Russian Empress Catherine the Great was so admired by this beauty place that she ordered to buy these lands and erect a splendid palace in Romantic style. The work was almost completed when Empress came to inspect the fanciful structures and … did not like the palace and ordered to tear it down. Other architects did not manage to finish the ensemble that promised to be a wonder. Only in the 21th century did the beauty and grandeur of Tsaritsyno become a reality.
The Novodevichiy Convent. The Novodevichiy Convent (New Maiden) is one of the most beautiful convents of Russia. Founded in the early 16c. it's the loveliest pattern of the Moscow Baroque style. The convent that is the UNESCO World Heritage Site is still full of charm and spirituality. The Novodevihcy Convent was founded in 1524 by Tsar Vasily III (1479-1533) to commemorate the capture of Smolensk from Lithuania. That it was intended to serve not only as a religious institution but also as a fortress is evident from its strategic location and strong wall with 12 battle towers. The oldest structure in the convent is the six-pillared five-domed cathedral, dedicated to the icon Our Lady of Smolensk.
Sergiev Posad. Sergiev Posad is the Motherland of the nesting-doll called Matryoshka. On the local market you can buy traditional Russian souvenirs and wooden toys from the local crafmen. Truly speaking, it's the best place to buy souvenirs where you can find high quality and reasonable prices. The town of Sergiyev Posad, known as Zagorsk during the Soviet era, is a small industrial and agricultural city about an hour from Moscow. It is most famous for its spectacular fortress monastery, the Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius, an important center in the Orthodox world. The highway to Sergiev Posad runs through huge birch forests and rolling hills, as well as past groups of country homes, or dachas.
Kuskovo Estate. Kuskovo Estate is the real wooden palace (18 c.) that survived to modern day. Once it belonged to the richest people of Russia - the Sheremetyevs. The architectural ensemble of the estate had been formed by the middle of the 18th century. Magnificent constructions such as the Palace, Grotto, Hermitage, Great stone conservatory, old church, and Italian and Dutch houses survived until nowadays. At Kuskovo there is also a very well preserved French regular park with ponds, pavilions and marble sculptures. The Grotto is an interesting and breathtaking construction. The stone baroque-style pavilion richly decorated with sculptures, adornments, and lion’s masks. The Grotto walls are decorated with colored glass and it symbolizes water and stone elements.
The Golden Ring. The Golden Ring is a group of medieval towns and cities that form a ring to the northeast of Moscow. These ancient towns, which also played a significant role in the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church, preserve the memory of the most important and significant events in Russian history. The towns have been called "open air museums" and feature unique monuments of Russian architecture of the 12th–18th centuries, including kremlins, monasteries, cathedrals, and churches. Once powerful kingdoms, they were devastated by the Mongols and eventually became the first line of defense against invaders. With more than a thousand years of history, the Golden Ring is famous for its deep-rooted connections to Russian culture and tradition, as well as the inspiration it gave to generations of Russia's greatest authors, from Tolstoi to Dostoevsky.

What To See In Saint Petersburg

Image The Hermitage Museum is one of the most important sights to see for any visitor to St. Petersburg. Galleries upon galleries of old masters are located within the sumptuous interior of the Hermitage. Prepare to come face-to-face with classic Western artists, and be introduced to treasures from the East.
Peter and Paul Fortress: The location of one of Russia's most famous historical prisons, the Peter and Paul Fortress is a definite must-see St. Petersburg sight. There is plenty to see at the Peter and Paul Fortress, including the Prison Museum and the Peter and Paul Cathdral. Purchase a ticket to see the fortress, and have access to most of the complex's attractions.
The Catherine Palace, also known as the Summer Palace or Tsarskoe Selo, is part of a gorgeous complex of parks, guest houses, and the blue-and-gold palace itself. Visitors often feel breathtaken at how Russia's royalty once lived. Every inch of the Catherine Palace speaks of luxury. The interior of the Catherine Palace is open to visitors . . . lots of visitors. Peak tourist season may not be the best time to see the Catherine Palace, but even if you must go when crowds are high, this is one of St. Petersburg most amazing must-see sights.
The Russian Museum: St. Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great to be Russia's "window to the West." That's why it may be surprising that St. Petersburg's Russian Museum holds one of the largest collections of Russian art in the world. View Russian art creations through the ages, from Byzantine-style icons to the Socialist Realism of Stalin's era.
Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood: Love it or hate it, the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood in St. Petersburg is an enthralling must-see sight. The exterior may satisfy your desire for sparkle, but the interior of the church will wow as well. The interior of the Church on the spilt Blood is covered in mosaics that mimic paintings of famous Russian artists. While the entry fee might seem quite high (over 8 USD), you'll be glad you took the time to visit one of St. Petersburg's biggest draws.
The Bronze Horseman Statue: The so-called Bronze Horseman is a part of Russian culture and a symbol of St. Petersburg. Made famous by Alexander Pushkin, this statue of Peter the Great sitting astride his horse is representative of Peter the Great's impact on the Russian idea of greatness. The Bronze Horseman is placed upon the "Thunder Stone," which was dragged from far away and shaped to form the base of this memorial.
The Lazarus and Tikhvin Cemetaries are where some of Russia's most famous artists, composers, and writers are buried. The memorials are beautiful and sometimes bizarre, so bring your camera.
Boat tours in St. Petersburg will give you an hour of sighseeing while sitting down. There are two basic routes - one that takes you on the main Neva River, and one that takes you on the smaller canals and the Fontanka. By night or by day, boat tours in St. Petersburg will give you and overview of some of St. Petersburg's must-see sights.

What To See Around Saint Petersburg

Image Peterhov: Another palace complex, Peterhof is as beautiful as it is fun. You'll be charged for admission, but go to Peterhof when the fountains are working - during the day in the summer (these are shut off in winter as well as in the evenings any other time). Gaining access to building interiors may require the purchase of more tickets. You may feel that visiting Peterhof is expensive if you want to view each of its components, but a trip to this playground of the tsars will be well worth it.
Kizhi Island: Kizhi Island is an open-air museum of wooden architecture from the Karelia Region of Russia. These impressive structures are made entirely without nails - the wood fits together with joints and grooves. Most photographed on Kizhi Island is the 17th century Church of the Transfiguration, which boasts 22 onion domes in the Russian style.
Gatchina: It may have the austere look of a military institution, but inside you can see that the Gatchina Palace was home to the Romanov family, although the rooms are not so luxurious as the palace in Pushkin. The palace has various temporary and permanent exhibitions including a weaponry display and the church at the top of Gatchina’s main pedestrian mall is also worth seeing. But the big attraction is the underground tunnel running from the palace to the ornamental lake (how cool!). Gatchina’s palace was badly damaged during WWII, and restoration work is still in progress. The nice leafy park is a great place to stretch your legs!
Konstantinovsky Palace: Once known as Putin's Palace, this palace is now one of the official Presidential residences. The Palace as also the venue for the G8 meeting in 2006. Historically speaking, the Palace's original owners were the Romanov's, however after the 1917 Revolution, it fell into disrepair. Nowadays, the public can enjoy the immaculate and tidy lawns. Inside the palace are spectacular views over the gulf, sumptuous meeting rooms with huge sparkling chandeliers. There is also a display of Russian paintings, decorative and applied arts from 18th to 20th century as well as a unique collection of fine wines. Note you must show your passport when you enter (this is also an official government building).
Kronshtadt: The strategic naval base of Kronshtadt was founded on Kotlin island in 1704. Kronshtadt is famous because, in 1921, its battalion mutinied against the Bolshevik’s harsh revolutionary policies. The government’s response was to slaughter almost the entire battalion. During Soviet times, the city was closed. It opened in 1996, and, today, it's a charming place to wander and look at rusting warships, naval symbols and other remains of Soviet naval glory. The city's striking Byzantine cathedral has an excellent museum of naval and local history, although it's only in Russian. There are also some very pleasant old restaurants scattered about town.
Oranienbaum / Lomonosov: Oranienbaum (Orange Tree) isn’t so popular among tourists, however it is a lovely place for a picnic or for a walk through peaceful gardens and pine woods. Prince Alexander Menshikov, One of Peter the Great’s best friends, started building the estate and its Grand Palace. Catherine the Great made it one of her holiday spots and built a small Chinese palace with baroque outside (partly under renovation now) and rococo interior. Menshikov’s Grand Palace hasn't changed a great deal over the centuries and it's one of the few palaces on the outskirts of the city that wasn’t destroyed by the Nazis. There are numerous development plans in progress in Oranienbaum, also known as Lomonosov. There is even an amusement park being planned, so you better visit this place fast, if you like to see some authentic pre-Revolutionary architecture and atmosphere before things become commercialized. You can have cheap Russian diner in a cafe near the administration building , the only place in the park where you can buy some food or drinks.
Pavlovsk: Subtle, romantic, relaxing and quiet. All perfect words to describe Pavlovsk. Only 27 kilometers from the big city, it feels like a world away. The small town hosts the fascinating Pavlovsk Palace, encompassed by a huge park (1,500 acres of it!). Tall trees, scattered streams and endless paths make for many a secluded spot. If you have active children who need a place to blow off some steam, pack a picnic and make an afternoon of it. The enchanting Pavlovsk Palace, with its magnificent neoclassical interior, is a feast for the eyes. The country residence of the Imperial family boasts beautiful architecture and captivating history. Certainly not as grand as Peterhof, but much less touristy, Pavlovsk is great place to get away from it all.

What To See In Siberia

Image Lake Baikal. Discover a place so beautiful it literally will take your breath away. Lake Baikal, in the Irkust Province of Siberia in Russia, is simply magical – you have to visit it and see for yourself. It is paradise for the nature lover, the wildlife watcher and the consummate fisherman.Lake Baikal is a national treasure that is prized for its sheer beauty and immensity. It is around 80 kilometers wide and 636 kilometers long, far larger than most lakes in the world. There are over 300 rivers and streams feeding the lake. It is also the world’s deepest lake, as its depth reaches nearly a mile and contains nearly 50 species of fish which can be salted to suit your tastes. The lake is so lovely that you can simply take in its picturesque beauty and consider it worth the trip. However there are still plenty of opportunities for you to engage in outdoor activities. You can go kayaking, fishing, camping, climbing, and hiking. During winter, the lake actually freezes over.
Irkutsk : the Paris of Siberia.Irkutsk is one of the great Siberian cities and by right considers itself the capital of Eastern Siberia. There are many sights of interest that one can visit in order to get the full picture of the beauty of Irkutsk. There is the Angara Embankment, one of the prettiest places in town and one of the most popular among Irkutsk residents because festivals and celebrations take place here. The Children’s Railroad is one of the major parks which contains passenger trains that provide entertainment for the girls and boys who are interested in learning the mechanics of the railroad. There are various cathedrals and churches including the Bogayavlensky Cathedral which is decorated in a mix of old Russian motifs and baroque elements. These churches, as well as the monuments are certainly a sight to behold.
Ulan-Ude (Buyratia)Ulan Ude is the capital of Buryatia. The town was founded in 1966 and was a major trade route between Russia China and Mongolia. Ulan Ude is an important commercial and industrial center of Eastern Siberia, located on the 5640th kilometer of the Trans-Siberian railway. The city itself has a distinct Asian-like feel, perhaps because of the cultural mix and proximity to Mongolia. The town has a calm and friendly feel, perfect for any visitor or tourist. There are many quaint places for tourists to explore, such as the merchant’s mansions, historical relics of the town’s prosperity as a trading center. The arbat street is a mainly pedestrian street designated for meeting walking and shopping. If you visit the museums, you can get a sense of the capital’s culture, including its history, its art and its natural prospects.
Novosibirsk, capital of Siberia.Russia’s third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, experienced steady and rapid economic growth by become one of the largest commercial and industrial centers of Siberia and rapidly progressing in the agricultural processing industry, as well as power station, iron foundry, and commodity market. Currently, there are several major landmarks that are appealing to tourists, such as St. Alexander Nevsky’s Cathedral, the Novosibirsk Trans Siberian railway station, and the city’s many high-rise buildings which exemplify the city’s rapid industrialization and growth. The Novosibirsk Zoo is a world-renowned scientific institution as well as a popular tourist attraction. The zoo has over four thousand animals and is an active participant of thirty-two different captive breeding programmes for endangered species. On average, around 700,000 people visit the zoo each year.
The Yenisei and Ob river & bridges.Yenisei is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean. It is the central of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean. Rising in Mongolia, it follows a northerly course to the Yenisei Gulf in the Kara Sea. The Yenisei River valley is habitat for numerous flora and fauna, with Siberian pine and Siberian larch being notable tree species. There are also numerous bird species present in the watershed, including, for example the Hooded crow, Corvus cornix.
Taïga, pine and berch forest : Is the world’s largest terrestrial tiome and is characterized by coniferous forests. Taigas have some small-leaved deciduous trees like birch, alder, willow, and poplar; mostly in areas escaping the most extreme winter cold. However, the Dahurian Larch tolerates the coldest winters in the northern hemisphere in eastern Siberia. The very southernmost parts of the taiga may have trees such as oak, maple, elm, and tilia scattered among the conifers, and there is usually a gradual transition into a temperate mixed forest, such as the Eastern forest-boreal transition of eastern Canada.

What To See In Russia Far East

Image Amur River is the world’s tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China. The Amur River is a very important symbol of — and an important geopolitical factor in — Chinese-Russian relations. Flowing across northeast Asia for over 4,444 km (2,761 mi), from the mountains of northeastern China to the Sea of Okhotsk, it drains a remarkable watershed that includes diverse landscapes of desert, steppe, tundra, and taiga, eventually emptying into the Pacific Ocean through the Strait of Tartary, where the mouth of the river faces the northern end of the island of Sakhalin.
Kamchatka Peninsula lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the sea of Okhotsk to the west. The peninsula contains the Volcanoes of Kamchatka, a World Heritage site. The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, 29 of them still active. The peninsula has a high density of volcanoes with 19 active volcanoes. The highest volcano, the Kyuchevskaya Sopka, is also the largest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere. The most striking however, is the Kronotsky, which is one of the most beautiful volcanoes. In addition to the volcanoes, the Kamchatka boasts abundant flora of various species. Tundra and muskeg are dominant, but grasses, flowering shrubs and forests of pine, birch, alder and willow are also plentiful. It also boasts wildlife, such as bears, wolves, foxes and reindeer.
Vladivostok initially founded as a navy fortress, today’s Vladivostok offers a chance to view military secrets of the old times. Naval Fortress of Vladivostok is unique tourist object in the city. This fortress, the magnificent fortress of the world was created by exclusive talent and diligence of Russian engineers, constructors and solders. The fortress construction was conducted according to the latest achievements of the fortifying art of the end of the 19th century. Quality and reliability of the erected forts and batteries of the fortress allowed it to save its historical meaning during several next decades.
Sakhalin Island is a large island in the north pacific, and is Russia’s largest island. Nearly two thirds of the island is mountainous, however there is abundant vegetation and fossil vegetation. The island is covered with dense forests, and is inhabited by various types of animals, and birds. The rivers swarm with fish, including species of salmon. Whales also visit the sea coast, including the endangered Gray Whale.